Dr. Holly Reed Wildlife Conservation Fund
Conservation is at the core of the work we do at Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium.
It’s a passion that drives us to protect threatened species and their habitats, from the jungles of Borneo to the wetlands of Western Washington.
Through generous private support from the Zoo Society, Zoo members, guests and donors, we have made significant contributions to protecting wildlife -- from endangered species breeding programs to public education.
Since 2002, the Zoo Society's Dr. Holly Reed Wildlife Conservation Fund has provided more than $1.4 million in grants to study and conserve wildlife and wild places, benefiting a diverse range of creatures from frogs and fish to wolves and walruses. The conservation grants also have advanced the health and management of the Zoo’s animals through studies of animal behavior and reproduction.
In 2016, the Dr. Holly Reed Wildlife Conservation Fund awarded 21 grants totaling $131,360 to help fund research and wildlife conservation at home and around the world.
Many of the grants support the continuation of longstanding species survival and anti-poaching partnerships, while some provide for new or expanded scientific study.
Here are some examples of conservation work funded in 2016:
Sumatran tiger conservation
Poachers are hunted and brought to justice. Tigers caught in snares are rescued and released. Wildlife Response Units work with villages to address human-tiger conflict and prevent illegal habitat loss. Only a few hundred Sumatran tigers remain in the wild on their native Indonesian island of Sumatra. Grants from the Dr. Holly Reed fund help the Association of Zoos & Aquariums’ Tiger Conservation Campaign’s support this critical conservation work.
The Tiger Conservation Campaign aids several on-the-ground programs through the Wildlife Conservation Society, which supports Sumatran Wildlife Crime Units and Wildlife Response Units. In the last year, efforts from these ongoing programs led to the arrest of eight poachers and the removal of 197 snares.
Working on behalf of clouded leopards
They are shy. They are elusive. They are so difficult to spot in their rapidly dwindling natural habitat that no one knows for sure how many endangered clouded leopards remain in the wild. But it is universally acknowledged that the species is in trouble. Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium works with partners across the nation to collaborate with zoological officials in Thailand on a breeding and research program that is crucial to continued research and understanding of these exotic cats.
The Clouded Leopard Consortium, established to improve and maintain husbandry practices, has produced successful results: more than 50 cubs have been born in the last few years at breeding and research program in Thailand. The work being done overseas also is critical to the success of the Association of Zoos & Aquariums’ Species Survival Plan® managed breeding program at home.
The Consortium was just one of three programs involving clouded leopard breeding or research to receive grant money from the Dr. Holly Reed Fund this year. The zoo also supports field studies across Southeast Asia to better understand where clouded leopards range and how deforestation and oil palm plantations can affect them.
Elephant conservation in Sumatra
Rapid conversion of Sumatran elephant habitat for development has led to increased contact between people and wild elephants. A Dr. Holly Reed Fund grant supports work being done by Conservation Response Units in the Way Kambas National Park, Lampung Province, Southern Sumatra, to address these conflicts. Formerly neglected elephants are trained to carry forest rangers into elephant territory to fight crime, rescue wildlife, reduce elephant-human conflict by herding wild elephants away from settlements and provide education and outreach programs to villages in and around the parks.
Tracking polar bears in Canada
As climate change intensifies, polar bears are increasingly threatened. These massive mammals depend on sea ice platforms for catching their main prey, seals. Throughout much of their range, polar bears live on sea ice year-round. But in Hudson Bay, the sea ice melts entirely during the summer. The bears are forced ashore for extended periods and deprived of food for up to five months. Earlier ice melts in the summer and later freezes in the fall are prolonging their time on the mainland.
Respected polar bear researchers Dr. Andrew Deroche and Geoff York intend to fit five males with GPS ear tags to monitor their distribution, movement, and habitat selection in Western Hudson Bay during the sea-ice break-up period. The data collected will help scientists make decisions for the long-term conservation of the species at a time of increasing environmental challenges.
The two researchers long have worked with Polar Bears International (PBI). Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium is an Arctic Ambassador Center and works closely with PBI to tell the story of polar bears and the challenges they face due to climate change and other threats.
Check out the PBI Bear Tracker to see the movements of a number of female polar bears whose movements are regularly tracked.
Photo Credit: PBI
Protecting walrus habitat in Alaska
The Walrus Islands State Game Sanctuary in Bristol Bay, Alaska, protects one of the largest terrestrial Pacific walrus haul out sites in North America. Round Island, best known of seven sanctuary islands, gives walruses a large area of rocky beaches on which to rest every summer. Up to 14,000 walrus have been counted there in a single day.
Stellar sea lions, other marine mammals and several species of seabirds also use the peaceful habitat. The grant from the Dr. Holly Reed Fund continues Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium’s longstanding support of this sanctuary, which was established in 1960 and is managed by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. It is the only wildlife sanctuary of its kind in North America.
See walruses on the live-streaming Round Island walrus cam!
Saving the red wolf through reproductive science
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium is known worldwide as the zoo that brought the red wolf back from the brink of extinction. But the species, native to the Southeastern United States, remains critically endangered. A grant from the Dr. Holly Reed Fund will aid researcher Dr. Ashley Franklin in work to increase a genetically diverse stock of frozen semen that can be used to help manage the species’ small population and safeguard against loss due to natural disasters or disease.
The project includes expanding semen collection, evaluation, processing, and cryopreservation to ensure greater genetic diversity among zoo-based populations of red wolves. Artificial insemination programs help researchers study the viability of the frozen semen.
Supporting emergency rescue plan to save vaquitas
The vaquita porpoise is the world's most endangered marine mammal. AZA and its members are joining the Mexican government to support an emergency rescue plan called VaquitaCPR (Conservation, Protection, and Recovery). The few individuals remaining in the wild will be captured and relocated to a temporary sanctuary. Meanwhile, crucial efforts aimed at eliminating illegal fishing and removing gillnets from their environment continue.
|2012 Conservation Report (PDF)
||2014 Conservation Report (PDF)