Budgerigar (Budgie)(Melopsittacus undulatus)
Habitat and Distribution: Found in scrublands, grasslands, and open woodlands throughout most of Australia, except for the far southwest, Tasmania and the majority of the east coast.
Size: 7-8 inches long; 30-40 grams
Predators: Snakes, raptors, domestic cats and dogs
Lifespan: Usually 5-10 years, up to 20 years in zoos
Reproduction: Budgies are monogamous and breed in large colonies. Breeding can take place year-round (June-September in northern Australia and August-January in the south). Nests are built of wood dust and other soft materials in fence posts, logs, and eucalyptus trees. Females lay 4-6 eggs that are incubated for 18-21 days. The young fledge about 30 days after hatching.Behavior: Budgies are highly social and do most of their foraging in the morning. They are normally found in small flocks, but can form very large flocks (up to 25,000) under favorable conditions. Flock movement is tied to food and water availability; for example, drought can drive flocks into more wooded habitat or coastal areas. Pet budgies (usually males) can mimic human speech and other sounds they hear regularly.
IUCN Status: Least Concern
Budgies are widespread throughout a large range and face no major threats. Their worldwide population has facilitated extensive research; more is known of their biology than of any other parrot.